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照片怎么样光线说了算 4个巧用自然光的小技巧

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       在摄影中光是一切。如果没有光,无论是人工的或自然的,就不会有摄影。问题是,自然光并不是随时都眷顾着你,有时有太多或太少,在这两种情况下,可能需要人工光线补充。但如果没有任何人工光源提供给你呢?如果你所拥有的只是一个镜头,没有别的东西呢?本文重点介绍如何利用自然光,如何在没有反光板、闪光灯的情况下,仅使用一个镜头拍出优秀的作品。

  1.明确你的主题和光的关系

  让我们看看下面的这些照片。这是一个阳光灿烂的日子,我想抓住蓝蓝的天空和大海以及镜头中的人。我有一个D700, ISO200和50mm 1.4镜头。我已经为每一张照片提供了拍摄的设置。

1.jpg
f/5.6 ISO 200, 1/2000th

2.jpg
f/5.6 ISO 200, 1/1250th

3.jpg
f/6.3 ISO 200, 1/2000th

  这些设置是比较好的,在一个阳光非常灿烂的情况下,如果你拍摄的场景,太阳定位在你身后,面向你的主题。在这种情况下,大海和天空亮了,人们也被照亮了,正如我所预想的出现在了照片里。

  2.寻找理想的光

  理想的光往往是间接的,反射的或减法的光。这可以采取各种形式

  (1)间接照明可以是来自一个窗口的柔和的扩散光。

  (2)反射光可以是从一个白色的地板,墙壁,明亮的沙子,或从白色或浅色的衣服,你穿上。

  (3)消减光可以通过阻止光的扩散来获得,伞或者标志(任何单位的黑色物体大到足以阻止任何光源直射你的主题)都可以。

4.jpg

  3.使用你的弹出式闪光灯作为填充灯

  看猴子的这张照片。如果我没有用我的弹出式闪光灯,就不会猴子脸上的细节。太阳光强大了,弹出的闪光不会让猴子的脸变得扁平,并创造了阴影。

5.jpg

  4.尝试长时间曝光捕捉自然光

  有了长的曝光,你就可以拍照了,即使周围的灯光很昏暗,你需要一个三脚架,或一些稳定的或平的支架,让你的相机像一张桌子或椅子就可以了。

  只携带一个50mm和放置在平稳的表面上的相机,我放慢快门速度使用B门设置。这时我已经捕捉到了月亮升起,但天空是黑色的,没有足够的环境光被捕获,因为我的快门速度可能不够慢。环境光在这里是非常关键的,因为有星星在天空中。

6.jpg

  与上述相反,下面的照片是相同的场景与一个更慢的快门速度拍摄,星星就变得可见了。

7.jpg

  使用快门速度明智和巧妙地捕捉气氛,颜色和环境光,即使它们只有一点点。

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小源  管理员  发表于 2016-12-8 10:25:24 | 显示全部楼层
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唐伯虎的小猫咪  版主  发表于 2016-12-9 16:09:41 | 显示全部楼层

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vWskkDz0m  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-4-27 00:16:54 | 显示全部楼层

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张文  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-5-6 02:46:02 | 显示全部楼层

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张文  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-5-21 02:47:05 | 显示全部楼层

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郭承承  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-6-6 07:46:19 | 显示全部楼层

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vWskkDz0m  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-6-8 15:44:29 | 显示全部楼层

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   http://sq.zhsw.org/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=4193&pid=53916&page=1&extra=page=1#pid53916
  
   http://www.kanuge.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=101921&pid=179373&page=1&extra=page=1#pid179373
  
   http://www.jwg360.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1415&pid=8576&page=99&extra=page=1#pid8576
  
   http://sfj88.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=8057&pid=25662&page=4&extra=page=1#pid25662
  
   http://bodog180.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=56138&pid=65837&page=1&extra=page=1#pid65837
[url=http://www.coredeforcemma.com/]core de force[

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