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各国海淘奶粉的营养缺陷,你了解吗?

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自“毒奶粉”、“激素奶粉”事件发生以来,越来越多的妈妈不惜花大价钱购买国外品牌的洋奶粉。一项针对新妈妈进行的调查显示,超六成购买过洋奶粉,超过八成认为洋奶粉质量更有保证。洋奶粉真的适合中国宝宝吗?面对花样繁多的洋奶粉,妈妈们该如何选择?

目前国内儿童喝的洋奶粉主要分为三种,一种是在国内合法生产或销售的国外品牌奶粉,另一种是通过国家认监委认证、正常的海关途径引进的原装进口奶粉,第三种是家长直接或通过中介从国外购买的、在当地生产和销售的奶粉。

前两种合法生产或销售的奶粉,配方均按照我国婴幼儿奶粉的国家标准进行了调整,更适合中国宝宝的胃口。但国外直接销售的奶粉,也即是海淘的奶粉,其配方是依据发售国宝宝具体情况确定的,中国宝宝食用未必适合。


本帖隐藏的内容

日本奶粉,含锌极低

目前,市场上常见的日本奶粉有明治、森永等品牌,奶源来自日本本地或澳大利亚。日本奶粉因口味清淡、不易上火而受到许多中国妈妈们的喜爱。需要注意的是,日本临海,食物多为海鲜,海鲜中含有丰富的锌,所以日本原装奶粉的含锌量极少或根本不含。对于中国宝宝来说,锌的摄取非常重要。一旦发现长期喝日本奶粉的宝宝有厌食、偏食等情况,妈妈们要警惕是否缺锌。后要检查确认考虑更换奶粉或者给宝宝加一些锌补充剂。

专家建议,日本奶粉对水温要求比较严格,冲调时用70摄氏度的水冲最好,保证充分溶解,又不会破坏营养。

欧洲奶粉,钙铁都少

欧洲奶粉以牛栏、美素等品牌为代表,奶源来自新西兰、爱尔兰和澳洲等地。欧洲原装奶粉在市场上不如美国和日本奶粉那样常见,妈妈们通常是通过代购等渠道直接从欧洲购买。欧洲奶粉目前最大的问题,是微量元素的含量达不到国家标准,其中钙、铁、锌尤为突出。因为欧洲母乳喂养率在90%以上,婴儿配方奶粉只是作为母乳不够时的补充。欧洲人饮食结构和中国人不一样,母亲通过膳食摄取的钙、铁、锌相对充足,能够通过母乳传递给孩子,因此在微量元素的添加上要求不高。我国规定,每100克奶粉中应含锌2.5—7.0毫克,含钙300—600毫克,含铁大于等于6毫克。但对欧洲奶粉进行检测时发现,远远达不到这一标准。某欧洲品牌原装奶粉100克铁含量仅为0.8毫克,比国家规定低了6毫克。 专家建议,用温水冲调欧洲奶粉时,某些奶粉会出现白色颗粒结晶,这是因为奶粉中没有添加速溶成分造成的,不必担心。

美国奶粉,容易发胖

在国内中高端婴幼儿奶粉市场上,美国品牌占据了70%的份额。雅培、惠氏、雀巢等大品牌博得众多中国妈妈的青睐。美国奶粉的奶源主要来自欧洲和新西兰。但美国某知名品牌奶粉企业营养顾问透露,美国原装奶粉在蛋白质、脂肪以及含糖量上,全部是按照标准的最上限进行添加的,因此,很多孩子喝了美国奶粉后容易胖。为了避免宝宝超重,在喂美国奶粉时,应取推荐奶量的最小值,比如奶粉包装上建议每次80—100毫升,喂80毫升即可。 专家建议,冲调美国奶粉时起泡较多,因此冲时不要使劲摇晃,最好冲好后放置5分钟再给宝宝喝,以免喝入过多气泡,引起吐奶。

挑奶粉,对比配方

新妈妈应该学会通过对比营养成分表,根据自己宝宝的特点来选购奶粉。婴幼儿配方奶粉三项强制性国家标准中,对奶粉的蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物、维生素、矿物质及微量元素等都作出了明确规定。把洋奶粉的营养配方表和中国婴幼儿配方奶粉三项强制性国家标准摆在一起,逐一对比后再选择。对相差较大的数据,最好询问医生是否需要补充。

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vWskkDz0m  等待验证会员  发表于 2017-6-3 16:16:06 | 显示全部楼层

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